Acamapichtli was the first Great Speaker (emperor) of the
Mexica or Aztecs and ruled during ca. 1376-1396.
He mythically represents the origins of Mexica
He and his reign symbolize the official beginning of the
Mexica as an independent political entity, for without its own royal lineage, a
city could not aspire to any real power.
Acamapichtli's father was a Colhua nobleman, his mother the
daughter of a Mexica ruler, and he married a Colhua noblewoman.
Through that Colhua heritage, he linked the Mexica royal line with that of the fabled Toltec and
their patron deity Quetzalcóatl, whose ancestry gave them a civilizing legitimacy.
In addition, he acted as the "likeness" of the Mexica patron deity Huitzilopochtli, who was
closely associated with the great god Tezcatlipoca. Acamapichtli therefore embodied two of the most powerful
deities in the Aztec pantheon, Quetzalcóatl and Tezcatlipoca, and thus served as a harbinger of the Aztec Empire's